The alternative states yield different economic benefits.Agents form expectations about ecosystem dynamics, markets, and/or the actions of managers, and choose levels of pollutant inputs accordingly.
Each model is an oversimplification, but the models' strengths and weaknesses may be complementary.
We also point out some important questions for future research.
Eutrophication, the over-enrichment of lakes, is the most widespread water quality problem in the United States (NRC 1992) and many other nations.
An enormous variety of such systems can be envisioned.
We present examples selected for their simplicity and diversity.
Ecological and social dynamics in simple models of ecosystem management. [online] URL: Simulation models were developed to explore and illustrate dynamics of socioecological systems.